President Vigdís: “Icelandic women are position models on the planet, and we’ve to live with that”
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Every 12 months for the final eight years, Iceland has completed first amongst one hundred-plus nations within the World Economic Forum’s annual Global Gender Gap ranking, which quantifies disparities between women and men in health, politics, education, and employment (the upper a country’s ranking, the smaller its gender disparities). “The head of the World Economic Forum’s gender equality campaign, which conducts the survey, thinks Iceland could be the first to shut its gender hole completely,” stories Werber. In 2016, Iceland had closed 87% of their gender pay hole. For comparison, in the US the gender pay gap is about 20% on common, though the gap is significantly larger for women of colour.
Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir, first woman Minister of the Interior; former Mayor of Reykjavíok, Co-founder and Chair of the Executive Board of Women Political Leaders, Global Forum
In 2017, men took 78 days off work while women took 182 days according to Statistics Iceland. Men typically take around three months depart whereas girls take six months leave. There are many components at play right here, including private preferences, however remember that women are encouraged to breastfeed until the infant is six months outdated and parental go away benefits are calculated as 80 per cent of a staff’ commonplace wage and capped at ISK 520,000 (€3,834) per month. This signifies that if one parent is a better earner or has a wage above ISK 650,000 (€4,804), their parental depart will put more pressure on the household price range. And men still usually have greater salaries than ladies.
After all, this country does not lack something, in order that they can’t be striving for higher dwelling circumstances. Neither are Iceland ladies socially stigmatized for not getting married — so they can stay single so long as they please and, at some point, hope to run into their excellent match nearer to residence. Nowhere in the world will you discover ladies who take marriages so lightly. Iceland isn’t the country where girls plan their weddings since an early age.
Icelandic women gained the parliamentary vote in 1915, however the proper was, nevertheless, marred by the fact that solely ladies over 40 years of age received the vote. Nowhere else in the world was womens’ suffrage restricted in this particular way. Certain circumstances in Iceland contributed to this distinctive decision, and we shall take a more in-depth look at them right here. (In 1920 the franchise limits on women were lifted in accordance with the agreement in 1918 between Denmark and Iceland when the latter became a sovereign state).
“The U.S. has so much to learn from the Iceland transparency instance. It would make a world of difference to know the place you stand before you even apply for a job.” Another expert noted that a real solution to closing the gap will take inventive options from industry as well as legislative action. “I was heartened to hear the information out of Iceland, “ said Anne Hedgepeth, Vice President of Public Policy and Government Relations for the American Association of University Women. “Clearly the nation is taking the issue of pay inequality significantly and striving to seek out creative options to shut the gender pay hole.
- It introduced news of the feminist battle throughout the world and gave small biographies of main feminists.
- Not only do girls return to work after giving start faster than earlier than, they return to their pre-childbirth working hours faster, too.
- Iceland has also passed a raft of laws geared toward lowering pay inequality, ensuring girls are better represented at the highest levels in business and guaranteeing shared paid parental depart.
- The hardest part was convincing folks that something considered waste may actually generate earnings.
At the same time, any stunning Iceland woman is sensible sufficient to not flip into a fanatic — and why would she? For her, really equal opportunities is a day by day routine, not a purpose to rebel for the sake of rebelling. A current scandal also highlighted how far there may be to go in ridding Iceland of entrenched gender stereotypes. In late November, a bunch of politicians ― together with former Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíd Gunnlaugsson ― had been recorded in a bar spewing misogynistic rhetoric and criticizing the Me Too motion.
Storms Across East Iceland Today Through Tomorrow Morning
The footage of all of the putting women in Reykjavik don’t actually fit with Iceland’s picture as a mannequin feminist country. For years now it’s been the international frontrunner on problems with economic equality.
When it comes to equality within the office, Iceland has not been afraid to legislate progress ― one thing many other nations have shied away from, preferring softer voluntary approaches to lowering gender inequality. Despite the preliminary pushback from business, Iceland applied obligatory gender quotas for firm boards. Women should make up a minimum of forty percent of board members. And that regulation has worked. Today girls represent forty three percent of the boards of the biggest publicly listed corporations (that figure is 21.7 % within the U.S.).
Religion additionally plays little part on this nation’s way of life, so church marriages are quite uncommon. Couples can truly reside collectively for decades and even increase a few youngsters earlier than they do get married officially. Normally, they achieve this when inheritance questions are concerned. So, sexy Iceland women don’t press their men to pop the question.
Marxer and Bock ended up spending a complete winter in Iceland, tracing the historical past of the island nation’s ladies’s equality movements from the 1915 proper to vote to Oct. 24, 1975, when ninety % of Icelandic ladies introduced the nation to a standstill by no working or fulfilling their daily duties, demonstrating their significance. Anyone who’s ever spent a day Googling why the gender pay gap nonetheless exists (no? just us?) will know that an enormous a part of the inequality that also exists in the UK and many ‘developed’ nations comes right down to parental depart. Yep – till maternity and paternity come into play, there isn’t truly all that much difference between the male and female profession trajectories – in the UK, or in Iceland.